Every person is entitled to certain rights—simply by the fact that they are a human being. They are “rights” because they are things you are allowed to be, to do or to have. These rights are there for your protection against people who might want to harm or hurt you. They are also there to help us get along with each other and live in peace.
There are 30 rights and they are contained in a document called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was created in 1948 by the United Nations. The United Nations came into being in 1945, shortly after the end of World War II. It was started by the five major powers that won the war: Britain, China, France, the Soviet Union and the United States. Its purpose is to bring peace to the world. Today 192 countries are members of the United Nations, including India.
Background of our Rights
During World War II, tens of millions of people died. In addition to those who lost their lives in the fighting, the Nazis in Germany killed millions in cold blood. When the war ended in 1945, the victorious nations met to decide how to prevent such acts from happening again. They formed the United Nations to advance human rights and peace.
The United Nations created The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the first truly universal human rights document. Eleanor Roosevelt, the woman who led the committee that created this document, stated that the Declaration grants rights for all Mankind.
The United Nations also took other steps. One was to create international laws to protect human rights, .On December 10th, 1948, the United Nations adopted The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; a process that took almost twenty years. International laws are laws agreed upon by many countries, and so they apply not just in one country but in all the countries that agree to them. The countries that belonged to the United Nations also brought these rights to the rest of the world. As a result, the basic laws of many nations today include the rights contained in the Declaration.
What are your Rights ?
- We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.
- Don’ t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
- The Right to Life We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety
- 4. No Slavery Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave.
- No Torture Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us
- You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go I am a person just like you!
- We, re All Equal Before the Law The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly.
- Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly
- No Unfair Detainment Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country.
- The Right to Trial If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do.
- 11. We, re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true.
- 12. The Right to Privacy Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason.
- 13. Freedom to Move We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish.
- The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe.
- Right to a Nationality We all have the right to belong to a country.
- Marriage and Family Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.
- The Right to Your Own Things Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason.
- Freedom of Thought We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want.
- Freedom of Expression We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people
- The Right to Public Assembly We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.
- The Right to Democracy We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders.
- Social Security We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old.
- Workers, Rights Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union.
- The Right to Play We all have the right to rest from work and to relax
- Food and Shelter for All We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for
- 26. The Right to Education Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn.
- Copyright Copyright is a special law that protects one’s own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring.
- A Fair and Free World There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world.
- Responsibility We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms.
- No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights
Source : youthforhumanrights.org